Oup When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making Of The Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

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Challenging the commonly accepted belief that the distinctive rituals, ceremonies and cultural practices associated with the khalsa were formed during the lifetime of the tenth and last sikh guru, gobind singh, purnima dhavan reveals how such markers of khalsa identity evolved slowly over the course of the eighteenth century by focusing on the long-overlooked experiences of peasant communities, sh...

Publisher: OUP India (July 1, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0199454698
ISBN-13: 978-0199454693
Package Dimensions: 9.3 x 6.4 x 0.9 inches
Amazon Rank: 8737599
Format: PDF ePub fb2 TXT fb2 book

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e multiple perspectives and debates that eventually coalesced to create a composite khalsa culture by 1799when sparrows became hawks incorporates and analyzes sikh normative religious literature created during this period by reading it in the larger context of sources such as news reports, court histories and other primary sources that show how actual practices were shaped in response to religious reforms recovering the agency of the peasants who dominated this community, dhavan demonstrates how a dynamic process of debates, collaboration and conflict among sikh peasants, scholars and chiefs transformed sikh practices and shaped a new martial communitytable of contents:introduction: the origins of the khalsaearly narratives of the last guru and the creation of the khalsa(re)making the khalsa, 1708-48the making of a sikh sardar: two jassa singhs and the place of sikhs in the eighteenth-century military labor marketrereading alha singh: rebel, raja and sikh sardarfrom peasant soldier to elite warrior: raiding, honor feuds and the transformation of khalsa identitydevotion and its discontents: the affective communities of gurbilas textsconclusionglossarybibliographyindex